Hi everyone! This week at EagleMUNC, we are excited to announce that over 800 delegates have signed up for our conference in March! We are proud that the conference continues to grow each year. Since we reached capacity, we have opened a waiting list for remaining delegations that would like to join us in March.
As you know, the theme of this year’s conference is how a state opts to overcome adversity. Bangladesh currently faces a refugee crisis, with hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims fleeing ethnic cleansing in Myanmar. The refugees are currently living in horrific conditions in Cox’s Bazar, a city in Bangladesh known for having the world’s longest sea beach.
Back in 2015, Bangladesh’s government proposed a “solution” to overcrowding from the swelling refugee population by relocating the refugees to an remote island in the Bay of Bengal called Thengar Chal. This proposal received backlash from the UN and other humanitarian organizations, who called to attention that the island is underwater for much of the year and that some of the refugees have lived in Cox’s Bazar for over two decades. Critics also contend that the plan mostly stems from Bangladesh’s desire to develop the city’s tourism industry.
Now in 2017, Bangladesh’s government stated that it wants to resume the relocation plan, stop any further “illegal entry of Myanmar nationals,” and prevent the refugees from “mixing in with local populations.” The government also released orders to arrest refugees if they try to leave their designated camps. Another major concern of the government is the risk of a cholera outbreak in Cox’s Bazar due to the unhygienic conditions the refugees live in. Furthermore, the UN World Health Organization discovered that more than 60 per cent of water sources tested in the refugee camps are contaminated with E. Coli. UNICEF is contributing financial and technical support to Bangladesh’s ministry, which is building 10,000 latrines and mobilizing 900,000 doses of oral vaccines to the hundreds of thousands of people threatened by the likely cholera outbreak. The latrines will be regularly disinfected so they do not become contaminated.
Bangladesh is evidently having difficulty managing this crisis and lacks international support for its controversial relocation plan. Fortunately, the state is working with UNICEF to avoid a potentially devastating disease outbreak.
From the New York Times:
From the UN News Centre:
Welcome to EagleMUNC’s blog! We are extremely excited for the upcoming conference in March 2018. In our blog posts, you will find updates on our progress organizing the conference as well as information on global happenings applicable to the dilemma posed for delegates this year. This pertinent problem involves determining how a political entity should adapt in times of adversity.
There are many strategies a state could use to overcome such an obstacle. For instance, Dominica finds itself confronted by adversity after multiple category 5 hurricanes battered the island in September. UN Secretary-General Guterres visited Dominica on Sunday, October 8 to assess the devastating damage of the storms, which left people homeless, without electricity, and without water. Guterres cited research by the UN World Meteorological Organization in asserting that climate change is increasing the intensity of natural disasters and exacerbating the resulting economic damage. With this information, Dominica’s adaptation plan in response to this crisis is to evolve into something new: the world’s first climate-resilient nation.
Dominican Prime Minister Skerrit recognizes the opportunity the nation has to be a global example of climate resilience. In outlining the Climate-Resilience Development Strategy, Skerrit discusses the innovative ways the Dominican government will integrate climate and development planning and policies. The plan focuses on sustainable, low-carbon emissions development and also aims to build a climate-resilient economy that considers the impacts of climate change in its financing.
Furthermore, Dominica calls attention to the fact that Caribbean nations are among the most vulnerable to climate change. Factors increasing the Caribbean’s vulnerability include susceptibility to flooding and coastal erosion as well as reliance on fragile coral reefs for protection. Due to its location in the hurricane belt, Dominica finds itself extremely vulnerable to damage caused by these disastrous storms. Therefore, with the increasing intensity of hurricanes, Dominica plans to adapt by evolving into the world’s first climate-resilient nation.
From the UN News Centre:
From the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: